What is memorial day meaning Memorial Day 2017 in United States of America


In 1868, John A. Logan, a general in the Grand Army of the Republic, issued General Order No. 11, designating May 30 as a Memorial Day “for the purpose of strewing with flowers or otherwise decorating the graves of comrades who died in defense of their country during the late rebellion, and whose bodies now lie in almost every city, village, and hamlet churchyard in the land.”

Logan (1826-86), who went on to serve in the House and the Senate as an Illinois Republican, was a key figure in the movement to recognize Memorial Day as an official holiday. He was also an unsuccessful vice presidential candidate with James G. Blaine in the election of 1884.

The first national celebration of the holiday took place on this day in 1868, at Arlington National Cemetery, where both Confederate and Union soldiers were buried. Originally known as Decoration Day, at the turn of the century it was redesignated as Memorial Day. In many cities and towns, across the land, the day is celebrated with a solemn parade.


Southern women decorated the graves of soldiers even before the Civil War ended. By 1865, Mississippi, Virginia and South Carolina each had their own precedents for a Memorial Day. Songs in the Duke University Collection Historic American Sheet include hymns such as “Kneel Where Our Loves are Sleeping External,” dedicated to “The Ladies of the South Who are Decorating the Graves of the Confederate Dead” and “Memorial Flowers External,” dedicated “To the Memory of Our Dead Heroes.”

When a women’s memorial association in Columbus, Mississippi, decorated the graves of both Confederate and Union soldiers on April 25, 1866, this act of reconciliation prompted an editorial, published by Horace Greeley’s New York Tribune, and a poem by Francis Miles Finch, “The Blue and the Grey,” published in the Atlantic Monthly. The practice of strewing flowers on soldiers’ graves soon became popular throughout the reunited nation.

President Lyndon B. Johnson proclaimed Waterloo, New York, as the “Birthplace of Memorial Day,” because it began a formal observance on May 5, 1866. However, Boalsburg, Pennsylvania, also claims to have held the first observance, based on an observance dating back to October 1864.

In 1971, a federal law changed the observance of the holiday to the last Monday in May and extended the honor to all combatants who died in American wars. Nowadays, its observance includes the placing of a wreath on the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Arlington, often by the president in his capacity as commander in chief. Each gravestone at the national cemetery is also marked by a small American flag.

Many veterans of the Vietnam War, and relatives and friends of those who fought in that conflict, make a pilgrimage over Memorial Day weekend to the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C., where they pay their respects to another generation of fallen soldiers.

SOURCE: U.S. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
What is memorial day meaning Memorial Day 2017 in United States of America What is memorial day meaning Memorial Day 2017 in United States of America Reviewed by Education Hindi on 1:52 AM Rating: 5

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